Altaic Languages


  1. Mongolian:
    1. Eastern:
      1. Dagur: Daur
      2. Mongour:
            Bonan (Baoan),
        Dong-Xiang,
        Kangjia, Tu (Monguor), East Yugur
      3. Oirat-Khalkha:
           i. Khalkha-Buriat:
                  Buriat: Buriat (China), Buriat (Mongolia)
        , Buriat (Russia)
                  Mongolian Proper: Halh /
        Khalkha Mongolian, Khamnigan Mongol, Mongolian Peripheral
          ii. Oirat-Kalmyk-Darkhat:
        Kalmyk-Oirat  
    2. Western: Mogholi  
  2.  Tungusic:
    1. Northern:
         
      Even, Evenki, Oroqen, Negidal
       
    2. Southern:
      1. Southeast:   
            i. Nanaj: Nanai / Hezhen
        , Orok, Ulch
           ii. Udihe:
        Oroch, Udihe
      2. Southwest: Manchu, Xibe
  3.  Turkic:
    1. Urum: Urum
    2. Bolgar: Chuvash
    3. Eastern:
            Ainu (Einu),
      Chagatai, Ili TurkiUyghur (Uighur), Northern Uzbek, Southern Uzbek, West Yugur
    4. Northern:
          
      Northern Altai, Southern Altai, Dolgan, Karagas, Khakas, Shor, Tuvan, Yakut
    5. Southern:
      1. Azerbaijian:
            North Azerbaijani
        , South Azerbaijani, Khalaj, Salchuq, Kashkay (Qashqay
      2. Turkish:
            Turkish
        , Balkan Gagauz
        Turkish, Gagauz, Khorasani Turkish
      3. Turkmen: Turkmen
      4. Crimean Tatarː Crimean Tatar (Crimean Turkish)
      5. Salarː Salar
    6. Western:
      1. Aralo-Caspian:
            Karakalpak
        , Kazakh, Kyrgyz (Kirghiz), Nogai
      2. Ponto-Caspian:
            Karaim
        , Kumyk, Karachay-Balkar
      3. Uralian: Bashkort (Bashkir), Chulym, Tatar, Siberian Tatar

      Note:  Languages and language groups preceded by a dagger (†) are extinct.


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