Language name and locationː Talekma, Oregon state, USA [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塔勒卡马语, 美国西北部奥勒冈州地区


1. mì:ʔskaʔ, mì(:)ʔs


2. kà:p’iní ~ kà:pʔiní, kà:ʔm


3. xìpiní, xín


4. kamkàm


5. tɛ́:hal


6. haʔi:mì:ʔs


7. haʔi:kà:ʔm


8. haʔi:xín


9. haʔi:kó


10. ìxtì:l

30.  xìn ixti:l

11. ìxtì:l mì:ʔskaʔ katákʰ

40.  kamkàman ixtì:l

12. ìxtì:l kà:ʔm katákʰ

50.  tɛ́:haltan ixtì:l


60.  haʔi:mìts’atan ixtì:l


70.  haʔi:kà:ʔmatan ixtì:l


80.  haʔi:xìntan ixtì:l


90.  haʔi:ko:katàn ixtì:l


100. t’ɛimìʔs, 200. kà:ʔman t’ɛimìʔs


300. xín t’ɛimìʔs, 400.kamkàman t’ɛimìʔs


1000. ìxti:ltan t’ɛimìʔs, 800. tsipa dąhudi

20. jap’amìʔs

2000. jap’amìts’atan t’ɛimìʔs


Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Mark Rosenfelder, The Author of the website "Numbers from 1 to 10 in over 5000 languages", Chicago, USA, October 7 2023.

Source: Sapir, Edward 1912:7 Dāᵃ-gelmaˊᵋn, 223 Dāᵃ-gela`m /Ta:-kɛlám/ "Rogue River"

提供资的语言: Mr. Mark Rosenfelder, 2023 年 10 月 7 日.


Other comments: Takelma  has a decimal system. Takelma /təˈkɛlmə/ is the name of the language that was spoken by the Latgawa and Takelma peoples and the Cow Creek band of Upper Umpqua, in Oregon, USA. The language was extensively described by the German-American linguist Edward Sapir in his graduate thesis, The Takelma Language of Southwestern Oregon (1912). Sapir’s grammar together with his Takelma Texts (1909) are the main sources of information on the language. Both are based on work carried out in 1906 with language consultant Frances Johnson (Takelma name Kʷìskʷasá:n),  who lived on to become the last surviving fluent speaker. In 1934, with her death at the age of 99, the language became extinct. An English-Takelma dictionary is currently being created on the basis of printed sources with the aim of reviving the language.
The commonly used English name of the language is derived from Ta:-kɛlm-àʔn, the self-name of the Takelma people, which means "those dwelling along the Rogue River (Ta:-kɛlám)".

Takelma is accepted as one of the many language isolates of North America. Writing in 1909, Sapir stated that "the Takelma language represents one of the distinct linguistic stocks of North America". He later revised his opinion, and assigned Takelma to the hypothetical Penutian language family, a grouping that at present is not generally considered established. Over the years, several linguists have presented evidence which, in their view, linked Takelma to the other "Penutian" languages, in particular the Kalapuyan languages. A reexamination of the evidence by Tarpent and Kendall (1998, unpublished) however showed that purported lexical and grammatical similarities between Takelma and other languages were erroneous, and they concluded that Takelma is indeed an isolate.