Language name and location: Nocte Naga, Arunachal, Assam, India [Ref to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区诺克特-那加, 印度东北部阿鲁纳查尔邦, 阿萨姆邦及那加兰邦


1. tʰé

21.  ruwokni wantʰé

2. ní

22.  ruwokni wə̄nní

3. rə̄m

22.  ruwokni nrə̄m

4. bəlí

24.  ruwokni bəlí

5. bəŋɑ́

25.  ruwokni bəŋɑ́

6. ərók

26.  ruwokni irók

7. əŋīt̚

27.  ruwokni iŋīd̚

8. əsət

28.  ruwokni isət

9. ikʰɨ

29.  ruwokni ikʰɨ

10. itʃʰí 

30.  ruwok-rə̄m

11. itʃʰí wantʰé

40.  ruwok-bəlí

12. itʃʰí wə̄nní

50.  ruwok-bəŋɑ́

13. itʃʰí nrə̄m

60.  ruwok-irók

14. itʃʰí bəlí

70.  ruwok-iŋīd̚

15. itʃʰí bəŋɑ́

80.  ruwok-isət

16. itʃʰí irók

90.  ruwok-ikʰɨ

17. itʃʰí iŋīd̚

100. tʃɑ-tʰé, 200. tʃɑ--ní, 400. tʃɑ-bəlí

18. itʃʰí isət

500. tʃɑ-bəŋɑ́, 800. tʃɑ-isət

19. itʃʰí ikʰu

1000. tʃʰi tʃɑ-tʰé

20. ruwokni



Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Prarthana Acharyya, Linguistics Research Scholar at the Indian Institute of Technology, Guahati, India, July 23, 2018.

Data taken from " Numerals in Bugun, Deuri and Nocte" by Madhumita Barbora,

Prarthana Acharyya and Trisja Wango, North East Indian Linguistics 7 (NEIL 7),

Asia-Pacific Linguistics, Colleagues of Asia and the Pacific, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 2015.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Prarthana Acharyya, 2018 年 7 月 23 日.


Other comments: Nocte Naga has a decimal system. Nocte has the prefix ruwok- ‘ten’ which builds the numerals twenty to ninety nine. For cardinal numerals hundred onwards Nocte has tʃɑ-tʰé ‘one hundred’.

Nocte like Deuri does not take any additive marker to build the cardinal numbers eleven to nineteen. But unlike Deuri which retains the mu- prefix, in Nocte the prefix wan- does not affix to itʃʰí ‘ten’ from numbers 14 to 19 instead the vowel i- is dropped when the higher digits are formed by addition. In Nocte the base n is followed by y. The cardinals 11 to 19 where the peripheral itʃʰí  ‘ten’ combines with numerals 1 to

To build numerals from twenty to twenty nine the prefix ruwok- ‘ten’ multiplies with the base numeral ni ‘two’ to derive the cardinal ruwokni ‘twenty’. Nocte has two variants for ‘ten’ itʃʰí  a base numeral and ruwok- a prefix. The base numeral ni ‘two’ multiplies with ruwok- ‘ten’ to form ruwokni ‘twenty’. The derived cardinal then adds up with the core numerals 1 to 9 to build the higher numbers. In Nocte we see the base n multiplies with x and then y is added to build higher numbers. The prefix wan- is dropped for numbers 24 to 29.

Note that we observe that Nocte numerals show mid and high tone. Bugun numerals have three tones high, mid and low. It must be noted that tone in Bugun is disappearing mainly due to the impact of languages like Hindi, Nepali, Assamese and others. Tone variations are hardly noticed in Bugun, Deuri and Nocte due to language contact. As most speakers use Hindi, Assamese or Nepali in their everyday life, they have lost tone in their native languages. Also due to lack of active use of native language they can no longer distinguish tone variation nor can they use them.

Nocte Naga is spoken by approximately 30,000 speakers in Changlang district, Arunachal Pradesh state as well as Assam state and Nagaland state, India.

Language name and location: Nocte Naga, Arunachal, Assam, India [Ref to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区诺克特-那加, 印度东北部阿鲁纳查尔邦, 阿萨姆邦及那加兰邦


1. vantʰé

21.  roakní vantʰé

2. vanní

22.  roakní vanní

3. vanrə́m

22.  roakní vanrə́m

4. vanbəlí or bəlí

24.  roakní vanbəlí

5. vanbəŋá or bəŋá

25.  roakní vanbəŋá

6. vanrók or ərók

26.  roakní vanrók

7. vanŋít or əŋít

27.  roakní vanŋít

8. vansét or əsét

28.  roakní vansét

9. vankʰú or əkʰú

29.  roakní vankʰú

10. vancʰí or əcʰí

30.  roak-rəm

11. əcʰí vantʰé

40.  roak-bəlí

12. əcʰí vanní

50.  roak-bəŋá

13. əcʰí vanrə́m

60.  roak-rók

14. əcʰí vanbəlí

70.  roak-ŋík

15. əcʰí vanbəŋá

80.  roak-sét

16. əcʰí vanrók

90.  roak-kʰú

17. əcʰí vanŋít

100. ca-tʰé

18. əcʰí vansét

200. ca-ní

19. əcʰí vankʰú

1000. hajat-tʰé (< Indo-Aryan )

20. roakní

2000. hajat-ní


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Wanglit Mongchan through Dr. Losii Heshu. North-Eastern Regional Language Center (NERLC) project, Guwahati. India.

October 14, 2009.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Wanglit Mongchan, 2009 年 10 月 14 日.


Other comments: The data is taken from Hawa dialect of Nocte.

Language name and location: Nocte Naga, Arunachal, Assam, India [Ref to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区诺克特-那加, 印度东北部阿鲁纳查尔邦, 阿萨姆邦及那加兰邦


1. vantʰe


2. vañi


3. vanram


4. valvali


5. vanbaŋa


6. vanerok


7. vaniŋik


8. vansesat


9. vanekʰú


10. vanchi

30.  ruək rəm

11. əchi vantʰe

40.  ruək bəli

12. əchi vañi

50.  ruək bəŋa

13. əchi vanram

60.  ruək erok

14. əchi vanvali

70.  ruək eŋik

15. əchi vanbaŋa

80.  ruək sat

16. əchi vanrok

90.  ruək ekʰú

17. əchi vanŋik

100. cátʰè

18. əchi vansat


19. əchi van kʰú


20. ruək ñi



Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Suhnu Ram Sharma, Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Pune, India, January 7, 1993.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Suhnu Ram Sharma, 1993 年 1 月 7 日.


Other comments: Nocte Naga has a decimal system.


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