Language name and locationː Karok , California state, USA [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区卡罗克语, 美国加利福利亚州西北部地区


1. yíθA

2. ʔáxak

3. kuyra·k

4. pi·θ

5. itrô·pa

6. ikrívkiha  (1+5 ?)

7. xakinívkiha  (2+5 ?)

8. kuyrakinívkiha  (3+5 ?)

9. itro·patíša·mniha

10. itráhyar


Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Mark Rosenfelder, The Author of the website "Numbers from 1 to 10 in over 5000 languages", Chicago, USA, October 7 2023.

提供资的语言: Mr. Mark Rosenfelder, 2023 年 10 月 7 日.


Other comments: Karok or Karuk (Karok: Araráhih or Karok: Ararahih'uripih) is the traditional language of the Karuk people in the region surrounding the Klamath River, in Northwestern California. The name ‘Karuk’ is derived from the Karuk word káruk, meaning “upriver”. 

Karok is classified as severely endangered by UNESCO with only around 12 fluent native speakers of the language left. Most members of the Karuk nation now use English in their everyday lives. Since 1949, there have been efforts to revitalize the language and increase the number of speakers led by linguists such as Dr. William Bright and Susan Gehr, as well as members of the Karuk community.

The Karok language originated around the Klamath River between Seiad Valley and Bluff Creek. Before European contact, it is estimated that there may have been up to 1,500 speakers. Linguist William Bright documented the Karok language. When Bright began his studies in 1949, there were "a couple of hundred fluent speakers," but by 2011, there were fewer than a dozen fluent elders.

Karok has only recorded traditional numerals from 1 to 10 years ago, not sure if they were used a traditional decimal or vigesimal system before, New data for numbers after ten is required.

Karok has 16 phonemic consonants, a small number compared to the relatively large consonant inventories of most California languages. Karok also lacks secondary articulation to its consonants such as glottalization or labialization, also unusual for a Californian language.
Karok has a tone system consisting of three tones: high, low, and falling. Falling tones only occur in long vowels.