Language name and locationː Kambaata, Kambaata zone, Ethiopia [Ref to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区康巴塔语, 埃塞俄比亚西南方州南奥罗米亚地区  


1. máto

21.  lam-ée-na máto

2. lámo

22.  lam-ée-na lámo

3. sáso

23.  lam-ée-na sáso

4. ʃóolo

24.  lam-ée-na ʃóolo

5. ónto

25.  lam-ée-na ónto

6. lého

26.  lam-ée-na lého

7. lamála

27.  lam-ée-na lamála

8. hezzéeto

28.  lam-ée-na hezzéeto

9. hónso

29.  lam-ée-na hónso

10. tordúma

30.  sadʒdʒ-aa-dúma

11. tóo-na máto

40.  ʃool-aa-dúma, 46. ʃool-áa-na lého

12. tóo-na lámo

50.  ont-aa-dúma, 55. ont-áa-na ónto

13. tóo-na sáso

60.  leh-aa-dúma

14. tóo-na ʃóolo

70.  lamal-aa-dúma, 73. lamal-áa-na sáso

15. tóo-na ónto

80.  hezzeett-aa-dúma

16. tóo-na lého

90.  hons-aa-dúma, 91. hons-áa-na máto

17. tóo-na lamála

100. tʼibbíta, 102. tʼibbíta lám-o

18. tóo-na hezzéeto

200. lam­íta tʼibbíta

19. tóo-na hónso

1000. kumíta

20. lam-oo-dúma

2000. lam­íta kumíta


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Yvonne Treis, Postdoctoral Research Fellow,

LLACAN - UMR 8135 du CNRS,  Centre Georges Haudricourt, Bat. C, 7, Villejuif Cedex

France. July 23, 2012.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Yvonne Treis, 2012  年 7 月 23 日.


Other comments: Kambaata has a decimal system of counting. The numeral tor-dúma '10' is is morphologically complex. It consists of the stem tor- ‘10’ plus the building morpheme for tens, -duma, and could thus literally be translated as ''ten-ty''.  As shown in the above table, the subsequent tens ('20', '30', …, '90') are formed through multiplication. The numbers from 2 to 9 serve as multipliers, -duma as multiplicand. A long vowel is located between multiplier and multiplicand. This vowel is mostly -aa (see, for instance, ont-aa-dúma '50'), in one case -oo (see lam-oo-dúma '20')  The lexeme sadʒdʒ-aa-dúma ‘30’ is slightly irregular: it contains dʒdʒ as a second stem consonant while the basic numeral s-o ‘3’ has a stem-final s.

Note that the numeral tor-dúma ‘10’ contains an element tor-, the numerals from 11 to 19 are based on another allomorph of ‘10’, namely too-. Whereas the long vowel between the multiplier ‘two’ and the multiplicand ‘ten’ is -oo in lamoo-dúma '20', it is ee for the numbers between 21 and 29; see, for instance, lam-ée-na hezzéetto

‘28’. All other numbers consisting of tens plus units are generated in a regular way

and the long vowel of the tens is retained in the tens plus units; see, for instance, sadʒdʒ-aa-dúma ‘30’ and sadʒdʒ-áa-na ónto ‘35’.

The numbers t’ibbíta ‘100’ and kumíta ‘1000’ are not case and gender-agreeing numeral attributes but feminine nouns. With the younger generation, kumíta is being replaced by the Amharic loan ʃii '1000'. The numeral milooná ‘one million’, a masculine noun, is borrowed from European languages via Amharic. As modifiers of a head noun, the numeral nouns are always encoded in the genitive case.


Treis, Yvonne 2007. Cardinal numerals in Kambaata. In: Machalík, Tomáš and Jan Záhořík (eds.). VIVA Africa 2007. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on African Studies. Pilsen, 27-28 April. Pilsen: Dryada. Pp. 55-70. (Document downloadable here).

Kambaata is a Highland East Cushitic language with approximately 740,000 speakers, spoken by the Kambaata people in southwest Gurage, Kambaata, Hadiyya Regions in Southern Ethiopia.


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