Language name and locationː Hai|ǁom, Namibia, Botswana [Ref. to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区海罗姆语, 纳米比亚东北部奥乔宗朱帕区及博茨瓦纳境内


1. ǀuí

21.  ǀamdisi ǀuiǀa

2. ǀam

22.  ǀamdisi ǀamǀa

3. ǃnona

23.  ǀamdisi ǃnonaǀa

4. haka

24.  ǀamdisi hakaǀa

5. koro

25.  ǀamdisi koroǀa

6. ǃnana

26.  ǀamdisi ǃnanaǀa

7. hũũ

27.  ǀamdisi hũũǀa

8. ǁxʰaese

28.  ǀamdisi ǁxʰaesaǀa

9. kxoese

29.  ǀamdisi kxoeseǀa

10. disi

30.  ǃnonadisi

11. (disi) ǀúiǀa

40.  hakadisi

12. (disi) ǀamǀa

50.  korodisi  

13. (disi) ǃnonaǀa

60.  ǃnanadisi

14. (disi) hakaǀa

70.  hũũdisi

15. (disi) koroǀa

80.  ǁxʰaesadisi

16. (disi) ǃnanaǀa

90.  kxoesedisi

17. (disi) hũũǀa

100. kaidisi or honor (loan from Afrikaans)

18. (disi) ǁxʰaesaǀa

200. ǀam kaidisi

19. (disi) kxoeseǀa

1000. ǀʔoadisi or daisen (from Afrikaans)

20. ǀamdisi

2000. ǀám ǀʔoadisi


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Gertie Hoymann, Max-Planck Institut fur Psycholinguistik, Netherlands, May 27, 2011.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Gertie Hoymann, 2011 年 5 月 27 日.


Other comments: Hai|ǁom (Hai||om) or ǂAkho Hai||om, Haikom, Xwaga is spoken by approximately 23,000 in Otjozondjupa region: Grootfontein area, Namibia as well a Botswana. There are Dialects: Kede (Kedde, Keddi), ‡Akhoe, Gomkhoe (Gomaikhoe, Mangetti-Hai||om, Xomkhoe. The speakers of ǂAkho Hai||om that I work with, are currently using is the Nama / Damara (Khoekhoegowab) system. Hai|ǁom as developed a decimal system and I noticed that you already have that system on your website. There is only a minor difference: the word for 6 is !nani and not !nana. In a list of words collected by a late Finnish missionary (Tertu Heikinnen) in the 70's, there is evidence of a different counting system that uses 5 as it's numeral base, but I have not been able to find a speaker familiar with this system amongst the speakers I work with. This could be due to the fact that Mrs. Heikinnen was working in a community much further to the north, or the system she documented has since "died out". Nama has developed a decimal system. the word 'kai' means 'big' and 'ǀa' means 'full'. Nama is a tonal languages with several click sounds. The symbol 'ǀ' is a dental click, 'ǃ' a (post) alveolar lateral click and 'ǁ' an alveolar click.


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