Language name and location: Dungmali, Kosi provincee, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区敦马里语, 尼泊尔东部戈斯省 


1. ʌk

2. hik

3. sum

4. cice [t͡sit͡se] c=IPA [t͡s ]

5. rekʰ


Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Ichchha Puma Rai, Lecturer of English Department, Tribhivan University, Dhankuta Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal, February 21, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Ichchha Puma Rai, 2013 年 2 月 21 日.


Other comments: There are only five cardinal numbers in Dungmali but others were late created by community members with the help of linguists. There are no ordinal numbers in Dungmali as well, but if they use Nepali loanwords with phonological adaptations or not.

Note: While the orthography employed here is based on IPA, some deviations have to be noted: following the common orthographic traditions found in descriptions of Tibeto-Burman languages, the symbol <y>is used for the palatal approximant (IPA: [j]), <c> is used for the alveolar fricative (IPA: [t͡s]), and stands for its aspirated counterpart (IPA: [tsʰ]). Aspirated consonants are written <pʰ>, <tʰ>, <kʰ>, <wʰ>, <mʰ>, <nʰ>, <ŋʰ>. Geminated consonants are written with double letters, e.g. [mm] or [ss].


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