Language name and locationː Comecrudo, Tamaulipas, Mexico [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区科梅克鲁多语, 墨西哥东北部塔毛利帕斯州格兰德河流域地区


1. kuiti’n

2. alekuete’n

3. yi’y

4. nawui’

5. makue’l

6. panwuyi

7. pamakue’l

8. xomenank

9. yina’-u

10. deiina’wi


Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Mark Rosenfelder, The Author of the website "Numbers from 1 to 10 in over 5000 languages", Chicago, USA, October 7 2023.

提供资的语言: Mr. Mark Rosenfelder, 2023 年 10 月 7 日.


Other comments: Comecrudo is an extinct Pakawan language of Mexico that became extinct in the late 19th century. The name Comecrudo is Spanish for "eat-raw"; Carrizo is Spanish for "reed". It was best recorded in a list of 148 words in 1829 by French botanist Jean Louis Berlandier (Berlandier called it "Mulato") (Berlandier et al. 1828–1829). It was spoken on the lower Rio Grande near Reynosa, Tamaulipas, in Mexico. Comecrudo has often been considered a Coahuiltecan language although most linguists now consider the relationship between them improvable due to the lack of information.
Comecrudo tribal names were recorded in 1748 (Saldivar 1943):
Atanaguaypacam / Atanaouajapaca (also known as Atanaguipacane)
In 1861, German Adolph Uhde published a travelogue with some vocabulary (Uhde called the language Carrizo) (Uhde 1861: 185–186). In 1886, Albert Gatschet recorded vocabulary, sentences, and a short text from the descendants (who were not fluent) of the last Comecrudo speakers near Camargo, Tamaulipas, at Las Prietas (Swanton 1940: 55–118). The best of these consultants were Emiterio, Joaquin, and Andrade.
ow Coahuiltecan grouping is sound, renaming it Pakawan in distinction from the later more expanded proposal. This proposal has been challenged by Campbell, who considers its sound correspondences unsupported and considers that some of the observed similarities between words may be due to borrowing.
has only recorded traditional numerals from 1 to 10 years ago, not sure if they were used a traditional decimal or vigesimal system before, New data for numbers after ten is required.