Language name and locationː Pinghai Junhua, Guangdong, China [Refer to Ethnologue]

供资料的语言学家: 平海军, 中国广东省陆丰县


1. jət33

21.  y55 ʃəp33 jət33

2. y55

22.  y55 ʃəp33 y55

3. ʃam33

23.  y55 ʃəp33 ʃam33

4. ʃɿ55

24.  y55 ʃəp33 ʃɿ55

5. vu31

25.  y55 ʃəp33 vu31

6. luk33

26.  y55 ʃəp33 luk33

7. tʃʰat33

27.  y55 ʃəp33 tʃʰat33

8. pat13

28.  y55 ʃəp33 pat13

9. kieu31

29.  y55 ʃəp33 kieu31

10. ʃəp33

30.  ʃam33 ʃəp33

11. ʃəp33 jət33

40.  ʃɿ55 ʃəp33

12. ʃəp33 y55

50.  vu31 ʃəp33

13. ʃəp33 ʃam33

60.  luk33 ʃəp33

14. ʃəp33 ʃɿ55

70.  tʃʰat33 ʃəp33

15. ʃəp33 vu31

80.  pat13 ʃəp33

16. ʃəp33 luk33

90.  kieu31 ʃəp33

17. ʃəp33 tʃʰat33

100. a55 pək33

18. ʃəp33 pat13

200. y55 pək33

19. ʃəp33 kieu31

1000. a55 tʃʰin33

20. y55 ʃəp33

2000. y55 tʃʰin33


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Qiu Xueqiang, University of Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, March 26, 2006

供资料的语言学家: 丘学强博士 (深圳大),2006 年 3 月 26 日.


Other comments: Pinghai Junhua is spoken by about 10,000 people in Lufeng County in eastern Guangdong Province, south China. Pinghai Junhua has been influenced by Hakka and Cantonese. In Pinghai Junhua, the numeral 'one' has two forms used in different positions.

Junjiahua, Junhua, Junsheng or "military speech" in English, is any of a number of isolated dialects in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Fujian, and Taiwan region. Some believe that they are a Mandarin dialect group that assimilated to local Chinese variants in southern China. Junhua began as a lingua franca in the army, being spoken between soldiers dispatched to all parts of China during the Ming dynasty. It was subsequently spread to areas around the camps where the army settled. It is now an endangered language. In Hainan, it's still spoken by about 100,000 people. These speakers mainly live in Sanya, Changjiang Li Autonomous County, Danzhou, Dongfang and Lingao. Some also consider the Dapenghua spoken in Dapeng Peninsula of Shenzhen to be a form of Junjiahua.


Back >> [ Home ] >> [ Sino-Tibetan ] >> [ Hmong-Mien / Miao-Yao ] >> [ Tai-Kadai ] >> [ Other Euro-Asians