Language name and locationː Anfillo, Oromia, Ethiopia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区安菲洛语, 埃塞俄比亚迪中南部奥罗米亚州


1. ikkó

21.  hiʔena ikkó    

2. ɡuttó

22.  hiʔena ɡuttó

3. kedzó

23.  hiʔena kedzó

4. auddó

24.  hiʔena awuddó

5. amittó (loan from Semitic)

25.  hiʔena amittó

6. ʃirtó

26.  hiʔena ʃirtó

7. ʃabattó (loan from Semitic)

27.  hiʔena ʃabattó

8. ʃimittó  (loan from Semitic)

28.  hiʔena ʃimittó

9. yiriŋɡó

29.  hiʔena yiriŋɡ

10. aʃiró  (loan from Semitic)

30.  ʃaʃó

11. aʃirekkó

40.  aribó

12. aʃireɡuttó

50.  amiʃó (loan from Semitic)

13. aʃire kedzó

60.  ʃirʃó

14. aʃire awuddó

70.  ʃabó (loan from Semitic)

15. aʃire amittó

80.  ʃinnó

16. aʃire ʃirtó

90.  yirió

17. aʃire ʃabattó

100. balló ~ ikkeballó

18. aʃire ʃimittó

200. ɡutté balló

19. hiyó yiriŋɡ

1000. humó

20. hiyó ~ hiʔó

2000. ɡuttehumó


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Amanuel Alemayehu, Department of Linguistics, Addis Abba University, June 12, 2012.

Sourceː Grottanelli, L Mao. 1943.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Amanuel Alemayehu, 2012 年 6 月 12 日


Other comments: Anfillo (also known as Mao or Southern Mao) is a endangered Northern Omotic language spoken in western Ethiopia by a few hundred people. The term Anfillo is used to refer both to the language and the people found in a small community in the Anfillo woreda, part of the Mirab Welega Zone. The language is on the verge of extinction as it is spoken only by adults above the age of sixty. All younger generations have shifted to Western Oromo. Anfillo has a decimal system similar to that of Kafa language. In addition to the number for 5 and 8, words for numbers 7, 8, 10 also seem borrowed from Semitic. Moreover as it is noted above not only the numeral, almost all words (basic vocabularies) of Anfillo seem copied from Kafa. The Anfillos are claimed to originate from Kafa region. Note that almost all words of Anfillo end with vowel [o] and this vowel bear high tone in the word final position when the words are simple. That is word for numbers from 1-10 and other words which are multiple of 10  and hundred such as 20, 30 …, 100, 200… end with high tone  But this  tone is removed  when these word are combined with other words. In this regard word for numbers 11, 12…21… and the like end with low tone. Anfillo is claimed to have two tones such as high and low tone. Normally words with long vowel bear high tone while words with short vowel bear low tone.
Anfillo has five vowels and about 22 consonants. Long vowels and consonants do occur and may have phonemic value.