Language name and location: Yir Yoront, Australia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区尔约龙特语, 澳大利亚昆士兰地区


1. yirr

2. koyrr

3. wapayrr

4. morr-maq

5. yor-thelemrr

6. pul-koyrr or wapayrr-wapayrr

7. yor-thelemrr yor-mart koyrr

8. yor-thelemrr yor-mart wapayrr

9. yor-thelemrr morr-maq

10. yor koyrr or yor-koyrr (lit: 'two hands')


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Barry Alpher, Australia. September 25, 2012.
供资料的语言学家: Dr. Barry Alpher. 2012 年 9 月 25 日.


Other comments: Yir-Yoront numbers are mentioned below: These forms with the meanings cited are as used when someone “counts”; numbers beyond wapayrr are seldom used in construction with nouns, as in pam koyrr ‘two persons’, to actually enumerate things. Something like pam morr-maq would normally be understood as ‘several persons’, not ‘four persons’.): yirr ‘1’,  koyrr ‘2’, wapayrr ‘3’: NOTE: this can, in some usages, mean ‘3 or 4, several’. It contains the root wap ‘some, a few’; +ayrr is a derivational suffix, which occurs elsewhere but is here modelled on the yrr of ‘two’, which is not a suffix. morr-maq ‘four’: NOTE: this can also mean ‘several, a few’. Elsewhere, morr is ‘body; and maq is ‘bottom’, yor-thelemrr (with mrr pronounced [mvrr]) ‘5’. With yor ‘hand(s), finger(s)’, thelemrr ‘whole; another’, containing thel ‘again’. Variants include yor-lelemrr and yor-elemrr, pul-koyrr ‘six’, literally ‘two-two’, with pul the 3rd-person dual pronominal clitic ‘they two’, and koyrr ‘two’, as above. And yes, it does mean ‘6’, not ‘4’, wapayrr-wapayrr ‘6’, lit. ‘3-3’, with wapayrr ‘3’ as above’, yor-thelemrr yor-mart koyrr ‘7’, lit. ‘whole hand two fingers’, with yor-mart ‘finger(s)’,  mart ‘small, little’,  yor-thelemrr yor-mart wapayrr  ‘8’, lit. ‘whole hand three fingers’, with analysis as above, yor+koyrr (or yor-koyrr) ‘10’, lit. ‘two hands’. Note: these numbers were volunteered to me; I did NOT try to elicit them. I was never given a number larger than 10, other than (with elicitation) yor+koyrr yor+koyrr ‘20’, which I would not put much trust in.

1. Yir-Yoront sounds (practical orthography)



p          th         t           rt          ch         k          q

m         nh         n          rn         ny         ng

            lh          l


w                                 r           y


Realisation of consonants:

p, th, t ch, k are stops

m, nh, n, rn, ny, ng are nasals

lh, l are lateral liquids

rr is an alveolar tapped or trilled liquid

w, r, y are glides

q is glottal closure (glottal catch, glottal stop)


p, m, w are bilabial

th, nh, lh are lamino-dental

t, n, l, rr are apico-alveolar

rt, rn, rl, r are apico-post-alveolar (retroflex), with lowered tongue-back

ch, ny, y are lamino-alveopalatal

k, ng are dorso-velar; k can be very back (IPA [q]) in some contexts



i                       u

e          v          o



    i,e are front, v, a are central, u, o are back, i, u are high (in many contexts not as high as IPA cardinals 1 and 8, respectively), e, o are mid (somewhere between IPA cardinals 2 and 3 for /e/ and 6 and 7 for /o/, a is low, v is mid-central (schwa) and occurs only in unstressed syllables; where it is predictable I normally do not write it.


hyphen (X-Y): the second part has higher stress than the first, plus sign (X+Y): the first part has higher stress than the second.


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