Language name and locationː Pitjantjatjara, Australia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区皮詹贾贾拉语, 澳大利亚西南部


1. kutju /kucu/ meaning 'one', on it's own, single, alone

2. kutjar̠a /kucara/ meaning 'two'

3. man̪kurpa /maɳkurpa/ meaning 'three, a few, several'

   tjut̠a / cuʈa/ 'many'


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Heather Bowe, Department of Linguistics, Monash University, Australia, October 5, 2012.
供资料的语言学家: Dr. Heather Bowe, 2012 年 10 月 5 日.


Other comments: Pitjantjatjara has three traditional words for numbers, there is a traditional word tjut̪a that is widely used, meaning 'plenty, lots, more than two or three. The Pitjantjatara/ Yankuntjatjara Dictionary compiled by Cliff Goddard, Alice Springs: IAD Press 1996 provides compounds, built from the morphemes for 1, 2 and 3, for the numbers 4, 5 and 6 as follows: 4. kutjara-kutjara, 5. mankurpa-kutjara, 6. mankur-mankurpa. A second set of numerals, reported elsewhere, for Pitjantjatjara numbers above 3 have developed from English, as 4. puupala, 5. paipa, 6. tjikitji, 7. tiapanpa, 8. aiti, 9. nainpa, 10 tiinpa. These forms are based on English. Aboriginal languages didn't traditionally have fricatives so bilabials or palatals are used in the powwowing e g f, v, >p, s>tj, Pitjantjatjara requires word final vowels so the syllable -pa is found as the final syllable of certain traditional words, though this syllable is dropped when the word is the first part of a compound word. The syllable -pa is also used in borrowings. The 'borrowed' forms may be regarded by Pitjantjatjara speakers as Pitjantjatjara pronunciation of the English numerals and are perhaps better analyzed as a type of code switching.


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