Language name and location: Kisi, Njombe region, Tanzania [Refer toː Ethnologue]
言名称和分布地区: 基斯语, 坦桑尼亚西南部恩琼贝地区


1. jhimu  jh = IPA [ʝ] or [dʒ]  *

21.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na / ishilini na jhimu

2. sibhɨlɨ  bh = IPA [β] **

22.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na sibhɨlɨ

3. sidatu  

23.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na sidatu

4. sina

24.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na sina

5. sihaanu

25.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na siihaanu

6. sita  < Swahili

26.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na sita

7. saba < Swahili

27.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na saba

8. nane < Swahili

28.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na nane

9. tisa < Swahili

29.  malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ na tisa

10. lilonɡo *** limu  / kumi < Swahili

30.  malonɡo ɡhadatu / thelathini < Swahili

11. lilonɡo limu na / kumi na jhimu

40.  alobaini < Swahili

12. lilonɡo limu na sibhɨlɨ

50.  hamsini < Swahili

13. lilonɡo limu na sidatu

60.  sitini < Swahili

14. lilonɡo limu na sina

70.  sabini < Swahili

15. lilonɡo limu na sihaanu

80.  themanini < Swahili   th = IPA [θ]

16. lilonɡo limu na sita

90.  tisini < Swahili

17. lilonɡo limu na saba

100. malonɡo kumi / mia < Swahili 

18. lilonɡo limu na nane

200. mia mbili

19. lilonɡo limu na tisa

1000. elfu < Swahili

20. malonɡo ɡhabhɨlɨ/ishilini< Swahili

2000. elfu mbili


Linguist providing data and dateː Miss Hazel Gray through Dr. Steve Nicole, SIL-International, Kenya, May 15, 2013.
供资料的语言学家: Miss Hazel Gray, 2013 年 5 月 15 日.


Other comments: Kisi (Kikɨsɨ) is spoken by approximately 11,000 speakers in Njombe region: Ludewa district, Mwambao division, Lupingu and Makonde wards, Lifuma, Lupingu, Makonde, and Nindi are main villages; Lake Nyasa northwest shore, Tanzania. Kisi has a traditional decimal system but now counting beyond five involves using the Swahili numerals ‘sita’, ‘saba’, ‘nane’ and ‘tisa’. For those Kisi who accept the use of Nyakyusa numerals, counting beyond ten involves counting multiples of tens for decades and adding single digit numerals to this number. Thus, twenty‑five is counted as two tens and five. Swahili numerals are used for the multiples of hundreds and thousands. In counting, class 9 ennumerative agreement is used for ‘one’ and class 10 agreement for ‘two’ through ‘five’. The numeral lilongo ‘ten’ is a class 5/6 noun and so multiples of ten take class 6 agreement. Lilongo appears to be used regularly by the Kisi, but is considered to be Nyakyusa in origin so some Kisi prefer to use Swahili numerals for multiples of ten.

Note that Kisi is not a tonal language, rather it is purely a stress language like Nyakyusa. jh in the orthography stands for [ʝ] but this can be pronounced [dʒ] but some, and a very few Kisi will accept [j] as a pronunciation. bh is [β], gh is [ɣ] and lilongo is [liloᵑɡo] though not all Kisi accept the use of lilongo as it is a Nyakyusa loan. They themselves do not seem to have numerals larger than five anymore so people will either use Swahili for everything beyond 5 or Nyakyusa lilongo mixed with Kisi smaller numerals to count multiples of ten. Either way, Swahili is used for numerals 6-9.
80. themanini, as it is a Swahili loan it isn’t native to either language so it would be pronounced as [θ] following Swahili.  


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