Language name and location: Tangko, Papua province, Indonesia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区汤科语, 印度尼西亚巴布亚省南部梅拉克县卡维毛特村


1. ɡeɡes * (litː 'right' pinky finger')

2. ɡesabu * (litː 'ring finger')

3. sarapun ~ saruput (litː 'middle finger')

4. soabu  (litː 'index finger')

5. sowol (litː 'thumb')

6. ŋoŋ (litː 'wrist')

7. tailap (litː 'forearm')

8. baŋup (litː 'elbow')

9. tabu (litː 'upper arm')

10. kerek ~ kirit (litː 'shoulder')

11. kum (litː 'neck') 

12. kiroŋ (litː 'ear')

13. kiɛl (litː 'eye')

14. miru ~ milu (litː 'nose')

15. kiɛlbak (litː 'left right' eye')

16. kiroŋbak (litː ear'), 17. kumbak (litː 'neck'), 18.baukerek (litː 'shoulder')

19. bautabu (litː 'upper arm'), 20. baubaŋup (litː 'elbow'), 21. bakotailap (litː 'forearm')

22. bakoŋoŋ (litː 'wrist'), 23. bakoɡeɡes (litː 'pinky finger')

24. bakoɡesabu (litː 'ringer finger'), 25. bakusaruput (litː 'middle finger')

26. bakosoabu (litː 'middle finger')

27. bakosowol  (litː 'thumb')


Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. & Mrs. Roger & Amy Schley. Wycliffe International, April 16, 2011.

提供资的语言家: Mr. & Mrs. Roger & Amy Schley, 2011 年 4 月 16 日.


Other comments: Tangko is spoken by approximately 100 speakers in Kawemaot village (Kawe), "on the Sauw or Kawit River far north of Gaguop", Merauke Regency, Papua Province, Indonesia. This data is from a language survey. We plan to do language work in this area and so will be more fluent at some point in the future. As such, we have not yet completed a phonological description of the language. The data presented here is more phonetic than phonemic. The Tangko people use body parts to count, fingers, arm, etc. up to the nose, then they go back down the other side. They all start with the right hand and finish with the left hand. This yields a total of 27. I’m not sure how they count beyond 27. I asked a couple different people for their numbers, and they all stopped at 27.  I’ve included the English glosses for the body parts to the corresponding cardinal numbers. Note that the terms for one and two differ from an earlier survey report by Jock Hughes (2000). I’m not sure of the exact meaning of mesapin (from Jock’s survey), but it seems that it may mean something like singular, only one, or alone. I don’t believe it is a cardinal number, but I’m not entirely sure yet.

Language name and location: Tangko, Papua province, Indonesia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区汤科语, 印度尼西亚巴布亚省南部梅拉克县卡维毛特村


1. mɛ'sɑɸɛn    

2. ʔɑ'ɸɔ

3. sɑɾɔ'quɾuɴ   

4. sɔ'wɑː'bunuɴ

5. sɔwɔ'nuɴ

6. nɔɴ

7. tɑⁱ'ɾɑp 

8.  bɑɴup̚ 

9.  tɑ'bu  

10. qɛ'rɛq  

20. baɢ'diaqʔqeɢes


Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Jock Hughes. SIL International, April 2, 2009.

提供资的语言家: Mr. Jock Hughes, 2009 年 4 月 2 日.


Other comments: Tangko may have a body tally system. Updated data needed.

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