Language name and location: Setaman, Papua New Guinea [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塞塔曼语, 巴布亚新几内亚西部省弗莱河北部地区


1. māyup ('right little finger')   

2. arēp ('right ring finger')

3. arēpmano ('right middle finger')

4. arēparēp ('right index finger')

5. aōk  ('right thumb')

6. nowŋ / bɡūp ('right wrist')

7. fēt ('right lower arm')  

8.  dūān ('right elbow')

9.  teip ('right upper arm')

10. kiŋ ('right shoulder')

11. kūm ('right side of neck')

12. kēnu ('right ear')

13. kīn ('right eye')

14. mutūm ('nose')

15. kīnmári ('left eye')

16. kēnumári ('left ear')

17. kūm-mári ('left side of neck')

18. kiŋmári / naŋar ('left shoulder')

19. teip-pūn ('left upper arm')

20. dūān ('left elbow')

21. nowŋ / bɡūp ('left lower arm')

22. bénkūn ('left wrist')

23. aōk ('left thumb')

24. iorōnim ('left index finger')

25. iorōnim-farep ('left middle finger')

26. katkēp-arfēp ('left ring finger')

27. katkēp ('left little finger')


Anthropologist providing data and dateː Frederik Barth (1975, Ritual and Knowledge among the Baktaman of New Guinea. New Haven: Yale University Press, p.1). Provided by Anthropologists Peter Dwyer and Dr. Monica Minnegal, School of Anthology, Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Melbourne, Australia, February 1, 2016.

提供资的语言家: Dr. Peter Dwyer and Dr. Monica Minnegal, 2016 年 2 月 1 日.


Other comments: Setaman is spoken by approximately 500 speakers in North Fly district, Western province, Papua New Guinea. Setaman or Setamin (Baktamin dialect) has a symmetrical body-part tally system with a cycle length of 27 and a mid-point at the nose. Barth (1975: 21) wrote: “Most of these numerals are also terms for body parts, and counting is invariably associated with a routine of indicating or touching appropriate body parts, starting with the right little finger. … Numerals beyond 3-4 are very rarely used in spontaneous speech; numerals up to 8 are used to specify rules about the duration of temporary taboos. By insisting on the specification of how many men participated in a raid, how many children a woman has, etc., I have elicited numerals up to 10 but then always as a listing of names that are counted as they are spoken. I have never heard figures higher than ten spoken except in the exercise of teaching me to count.”

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