Language name and location: Pondi, Papua New Guinea [Refer to Ethnologue]
言名称和分布地区蓬迪 (兰甘语 Langam), 巴布亚新几内亚东锡皮克省


1. kwandap

21.  ipa nanŋɡe kwandap matpe

2. inin

22.  ipa nanŋɡe inin matpe

3. jau̯le

23.  ipa nanŋɡe jau̯le matpe    

4. nanŋɡe

24.  ipa nanŋɡe nanŋɡe matpe 

5. ipakwandap


6. kwandap matpe (1+5)


7. inin matpe        (2+5)


8. jau̯le matpe       (3+5)


9. nanŋɡe matpe    (4+5)


10. ipa inin


11. ipa inin kwandap matpe


12. ipa inin inin matpe


13. ipa inin jau̯le matpe    


14. ipa inin nanŋɡe matpe 


15. ipa jau̯le 


16. ipa jau̯le kwandap matpe 


17. ipa jau̯le inin matpe


18. ipa jau̯le jau̯le matpe    


19. ipa jau̯le nanŋɡe matpe 


20. ipa nanŋɡe 



Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Russell Barlow, Department of Linguistics, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, April 15, 2018.
供资料的语言 学家: Dr. Russell Barlow, 2018 年 4 月 15 日


Other comments: Langam or Pondi makes use of a quinary numeral system.

    The word for ‘five’ (ipakwandap) is a compound consisting of ipa ‘hand’ and kwandap ‘one’ (literally, ‘one hand’), reflecting the system of hand-counting that underlies the quinary numerical system

    The numbers six through nine contain the verbal element matpe, which denotes that a given number has been added (to the number five; the word ipakwandap is probably elided).

   The number ten is of the form ‘five (times) two’; the number fifteen is of the form ‘five (times) three’; and the number twenty is of the form ‘five (times) four’. It is unknown how numbers larger than twenty-four are formed (if they are ever formed at all).

   Pondi, identified as “Langam” is a moribund language with about 300 population spoken at Langam village in Angoram District, East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.

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