Language name and location: Nai, Papua New Guinea [Refer to Ethnologue]
语 : 奈
: 奈语 (比亚卡语 Biaka), 巴布亚新几内亚桑道恩省阿马纳布地区
4. amitai (litː 'ami' is hand / arm, 'tai' is a bundle )
|6. kruitʊ (litː 'krui' is the wrist')|
|7. fritaritɔ (litː 'forearm')|
|8. amekarʊtɔ (litː 'elbow')|
|9. poaiomuitɔ (litː 'bicep')|
|10. abatitɔ (litː 'anterior deltoid')|
|11. tɔtʊtɔ (litː 'pectoral')|
|12. detebiatɔ (litː 'sternum')|
|13. neitɔtʊtɔ (litː 'nei' meaning the far /other side)|
20. neiamitai, 21. neimaɡʊfe, 22. neiareme, 23. neimaime
Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. & Mrs. Newton and Susan Hamlin, SIL International, Papua New Guinea. September 6, 2011.
提供资料的语言学家: Mr. & Mrs. Newton and Susan Hamlin. 2010 年 9 月 6 日.
Other comments: Nai or Biaka is spoken by about 750 speakers in 3 large villages,
southeast of Angor language area, Amanab district, Sandaun province, Papua New Guinea. Nai has a modulo 24 counting system, I I've never heard of unites of 24. (A half a dozen of them would be gross). Counting begins with the little finger. For right handers it's the left one because numbers 6-10 (or 12 in the traditional
system) are pointed to. Though with the first five numbers, one can bends down the appropriate finger. The ones down are counted.
1. maime (though the pinky is krarulo), 2. areme, 3. magufe (the u being a lax high back vowel), 4. amitai (ami is hand/arm, tai is a bundle, so with all the fingers down it's a bundle of fingers), 5. yaritu (whether significant or not, yari is someone else's father), 6. kruitu (ami krui is the wrist) one either points to it or bends the wrist forward, 7. fritarito (forearm), 8. amekaruto (elbow), 9. poaiomuito (bicep), 10. abatito (anterior deltoid), 11. totuto (pectoral) (first o is a lax mid front that's swung 'way in toward a central position; the u is the same as in magufe), 12. detebiato (sternum). The traditional system continues like this:
13. neitotuto (nei meaning the far/other side, as neikrotu is the other side of a body
of water), 14. neiabatito, 15. neipoaiomuito, 16. neiamekaruto, 17. neifritarito, 18. neikruitu, 19. neiyaritu, 20, neiamitai, 21, neimagufe, 22. neiareme, 23. neimaime
Those are the cardinals. One could call it a modulo 24 system, but I've never heard of units of 24. (A half a dozen of them would be gross.). All counting is now modulo 10,
with, for instance areme abatito for 20, but often "twenti" for 20.
Trans-New Guinea ]
[ Finisterre-Huon ]
[ Kainantu-Goroka ] >> [ Madang ] >> [ Ok-Awyu ] >>
[ Southeast Papuan ] >> [ West Papuan-Timor-Alor-Pantar ] >>
[ West Papuan ] >> [ Other Papuan languages ]