Language name and location: Ketengban, Papua, Indonesia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区: 克腾班语, 印度尼西亚巴布亚省与巴布亚新几内亚交界地区


1. tenfu / 'tɛ̄npo  *

2. bitini / bo'tɪ̄nye *

3. weneri / wɛnɛ́ɾi *

4. dumbari / dom'bāɾi *

5. famubari / ɸamu'bāɾi *

6. ŋantanbari / ŋaŋ'tān'bāɾi *

7. yonitambari / yo'nitam 'bāɾi *

8. banbari  / 'bān'bāɾi *

9.  topnebari  / toᵘp'nā *

10. doŋolbari / mo'ɾōkyɔ *

11. kumdam

12. amol

13. amol deiki

14. ue or uwe or ue deiki

28.   ue deiki dan-dana tara yuma


Linguist providing data and dateː Mrs. Heljä Clouse, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Indonesia, 1989. Mr. Ron Kriens. Wycliffe International, Indonesia. August 11, 2009.

供资料的语言学家: Mrs. Heljä Clouse, 1989 年. Mr. Ron Kriens, 2009 年 8 月 11 日.


Other comments: Ketengban is spoken by about 10,000 speakers scattered in the east highland slopes of Papua province, Indonesia, near the Papua New Guinea border area. Ketengban use a system of counting that starts on the small finger of the left hand and works its way up the hand counting each finger/ digit, and folding it down as one goes along. You touch each point along the way, or point to it on your left side with your right forefinger. This renders the first 5 numerals. Then one continues the count in the same manner (pointing the right finger to each spot) by moving up along the arm at various points: first the wrist: ngantanbari (= 6), the forearm: yonitambari  (=7), inner elbow/ crook of arm: banbari (= 8 ), bicep : topnebari (=9), shoulder : morokyo ... or ... dongolbari (=10 ), side of neck: kumdam (=11), ear: amol (=12), temple: amol deiki (=13 ), and finally bridge of the nose: ue ... or ... uwe.... or ....  ue deiki (=14). One may put two closed fists together to make a 10 count (two fives) and say "ukuprap" which means: "This many like this". One may also put one's feet together for an additional 10 count or a total of 20 and say "ukuprap"="This many like this". Otherwise the feet or the individual foot digits are not used in counting. However, by doing this: holding two closed fists out,  and putting the two feet together, one may indicate a count of 20. One may indicate a count of 28 by saying " from the top of the nose and down both sides=" ue deiki dan-dana tara yuma". That=(14 times 2 or 28 total). A very common set of expressions is to name the topmost point in the upward count and say: "that one and down from there" which means the total count from that point downwards. So for example to say 'from near the neck and all/everything down from there' : "kum dam di du tamna yuma" is to say 12. Similarly, to say 'from the shoulder and all/everything down from there': "morokyo di du tamna yuma" is to say 10. It is very uncommon for people to try to count beyond 14 or beyond 28. The use of national language numbers (Indonesian) has become quite common for numbers larger than 20.

 Back >> [ Home ] >> [ Trans-New Guinea ] >> [ Finisterre-Huon ] >>
[ Kainantu-Goroka ] >> [ Madang ] >> [ Ok-Awyu ] >>
[ Southeast Papuan ] >> [ West Papuan-Timor-Alor-Pantar ] >>
[ West Papuan ] >> [ Other Papuan languages ]