Language name and location: Dumo, Papua New Guinea [Refer to Ethnologue]
言名称和分布地区: 杜莫语 (瓦尼莫语 Vanimo), 巴布亚新几内亚岛西北部桑道恩省


1. opa

2. yomonu

3. enu, endu

4. no-o

5. no-o mle o     (4+1)

6. no-o mle yu   (4+2)

7. no-o mle enu (4+3)

8. nu-yu  (4 x 2 )

9. nu-yu mle o (4 x 2+1)

10. muti

11. muti mle o

12. muti mle yu

13. muti mle enu


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Glen A. Lean, Department of Communications, Papua New Guinea University of Technology, Lae, Papua New Guinea, May 30, 1991.
Sourceː Glendon A. Lean. Counting systems of Papua New Guinea, volume 13, West Sepik (Sandaun) Province. Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Papua New Guinea University of Technology, Lae, Papua New Guinea, 1991.
供资料的语言学家: Dr. Glen A. Lean, 1991 年 5 月 30 日


Other comments: Dumo or Vanimo is spoken by about 2,000 speakers in the villages of Yako, Vanimo and Warimo (or Waromo) which lie on the coast to the east of the Wutung region. It is also spoken in Isi village which is located in an area further to the east and which is otherwise Rawo-speaking (see Map 3). At the 1980 National Census the four Census Units with those names had a total population of 1448 (National Statistical Office, 1982).

   As indicated above, Friederici (1913,p.42) has two sets of Vanimo number data referenced 'Wanimo' and 'Yako'. Thomas' study of the 'natives of the Vanimo coast (1942) has the Vanimo number words for 1 to 16. Ray (1919.pp.330-31) and Kluge (1938,p.178) both have Friederici's data. In addition, seven informants from three of the Vanimo-speaking villages completed CSQs and Ross (1980) has an article on Vanimo which includes a set of number words. A selection of the available data is presented in the above table.

   The Vanimo has a 4-cycle operating up to 16, the contemporary CSQ data indicate the introduction and operation of a 10-cycle so that 11 has the construction '10 + 1' rather than '8+ 3' or '2 x 4 + 3'.

    The above data indicate that the operation of a 4-cycle within the Vanimo system. There are four distinct number words for 1 to 4. abbreviated forms of 1 and 2 and 'enu' is 3. The construction of 8 appears to be 'four-two'. This is given variously as 'nuyu', 'noyu'. We may note here that the 'hand' morpheme (without possessive suffixes) is 'nu' and the 'four' morpheme is given as 'no' or 'nu'. Thus 'four' may be the number of the fingers (but not the thumb) of one hand. informants uniformly give 'muti' for 10.

New data needed to compare with the old one.

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