Language name and location: Mendi Angal, Papua New Guinea [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区门迪-安加尔语, 巴布亚新几内亚南高地省门迪谷地区


1. mend

2. kap

3. tep

4. mal  

5. su

6. towa

7. holo / hol / kerpo
8. tulap
9. topon bor / tepon bor  
10. topon kap / tepon kap
11. topon tep / tepon tep
12. tutep ( Note that one would expect that the alternate with topon in 9-11 would
              have tutop for 12, but the person who said topon also said tutep )
13. malapun mend / molapon pombor
14. malapun kap / molapon kap
15. malapun tep / molapon tep
16. tumalap / tumolap
17. supun mend / supun bor
18. supun kap / supun kap
19. supun tep  / supun tep
20. tusupu
21. towapun mend / towapun bor
22. towapun kap
23. towapun tep
24. tutowapu


Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Norm Mundhenk, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea. Information from David Tokun, Solomon Kela, and others. December 15, 1995.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Norm Mundhenk, 1995 年 12 月 15 日.


Other comments: Angal or Mendi Angal is spoken by about 18,000 speakers in Mendi area, north into Mendi valley, Southern Highlands province, Papua New Guinea. The basic Mendi system is built on a base 24, with basically separate

numbers for each unit up to that point. However, the numbers 9-24 are made up of four similar cycles. In some cases there are alternative terms, which are separated by a slash mark (/ ). When this number is reached, it is said to be ''put aside'' as hor mend,

and the counting through 24 takes place again, reaching hor kap. This can continue on through 24 hor: hor tutowapu, or hor hor. Some people consider this to be the largest number, and they do not continue counting beyond it. The expression hor hor with both hands raised and an appropriate facial expression can also imply ''innumerable quantities '' of something. People frequently count the 24 units on their fingers, starting with the thumb of little finger of one hand ( the left hand in most of the examples I saw), then moving to the thumb of the other hand. For numbers 11-20, one can use the fingers again, or else the toes, moving back to four fingers of the left hand for the final four. In some cases, the four finger were down after the previous count, and the final four counts consisted of opening them again. After 10 and 20, the two hands, with closed fingers, are brought together.

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