Language name and locationː Then, Laos [No reported on Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区: 语, 老挝

 

1. moj,   muôi [muoj],   moːj

2. beer,   kʼđêr [kdeːr],   beːr

3. peˀ,    pʼđê [pdeː],      kdeˀ

4. pon,   hʼđôn [hᵊdon],  don

5. sɯŋ,   suʼng [sɯŋ],      sɯŋ

6. tɔɔl,    kʼtar [ktaːr],      tɔːr / tɔːl

7. ɡul,    ɡul [ɡul],         ɡul

8. rɔɔŋ,   hʼrong [ʰrɔːŋ],   arɔːŋ

9. tiˀ,      sip[sip],           tiʔ

10. mɡal, maɡar[mᵊɡar], mᵊɡar 

11. sip ˀep (< Lao )

11. sip sɔɔŋ (< Lao ˈ

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Michael Ferlus, CNRS (Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique), Paris, France, February, 2, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Michael Ferlus, 2013 年 2 月 2 日.

 

Other comments: Then [tʰɛːn]. Autonym: pram thɛɛn [pram tʰɛːn]. Located in Viengkham district, Luang Phabang province, Laos. Austroasiatic, Khmuic.

(1) Data published by Ryuichi Kosaka, in Linguistic Survey of Phongxaly, Lao P.D.R. (edited by Tadahiko Shintani, Ryuichi Kosaka & Takashi Kato), 2001, Institute for the study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo. Then: 213-234.

(2) Ngô Đức Thịnh & Trương Văn Sinh. 1973. Vài nét sự phân bố địa lý các nhóm ngôn ngữ ở Lào hiện nay [Répartition des groupes linguistiques du Laos contemporain]. Ngôn Ngữ 1973.1: 16-23. Phonetic interprétation are placed within [ ].

(3) Ferlus. Vientiane, Dec 9, 1992. Transcription of a recording provided by Thongphet Kingxada.

 

Transcriptions in list (1) are from Kosaka.

Then langage can be considered as a new branch of Khmuic, but this branch need to be re-organised. Ngô Đức Thịnh (1973) was the first to reveal the Then language.

 

Numerals in lists (2) and (3) correspond, except “2” and “9”. But numerals in (1) differ. The list (1) is presented in the Data base as Khmu of China provide by Nathan Badenoch (Feb 2, 2010). But the Khmu and Then are different, although in the same Khmuic group. Examples: “water” Khʔom, Thpoːj ; “house” Khgaːŋ, Thɟɔːŋ ; “village” Kh kuŋ, Th ŋɔr ; …

About numerals, list (1) differs of (2) and (3) by “2”, “3”, “4” and “9” .

The Then language of Kosaka seems to be a mixture of Khmu and proper Then !


                            

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