Language name and locationː Caijia, China [Not reported on the Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区蔡家话, 贵州省西部和云南省东北部交界地

 

1. ji33

21.  ȵin33 tɕi33 ji33

2. ta55

22.  ȵin33 tɕi33 ȵi33

3. sa33

23.  ȵin33 tɕi33 sa33

4. sɿ31

24.  ȵin33 tɕi33 sɿ31

5. ɣuŋ33

25.  ȵin33 tɕi33 ɣuŋ33

6. fu55

26.  ȵin33 tɕi33 fu55

7. tɕʰi55

27.  ȵin33 tɕi33 tɕʰi55

8. pei55

28.  ȵin33 tɕi33 pei55

9. kuo55

29.  ȵin33 tɕi33 kuo55

10. dzan33

30.  sa33 tsɿ33

11. tsɿ33 ji33

40.  sɿ31 tsɿ33

12. tsɿ33 ȵi33

50.  ŋ33 tsɿ33  (< ɣuŋ33 tsɿ33 )

13. tsɿ33 sa33

60.  fu55 tsɿ33

14. tsɿ33 sɿ31

70.  tɕʰi55 tsɿ33

15. tsɿ33 ɣuŋ33

80.  pei55 tsɿ33

16. tsɿ33 fu55

90.  kuo55 tsɿ33

17. tsɿ33 tɕʰi55

100. ji33 pia55 < Chinese

18. tsɿ33 pei55

200. ȵi33 pia55

19. tsɿ33 kuo55

1000. ji33 tɕʰin33 < Chinese

20. ȵin33 tɕi33 (<  ȵi33 tsɿ33 )

2000. ȵi33 tɕʰin33 , 10,000. ji33 wan33

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Bo Wenze, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Peking, China, September 2, 2009.

供资料的语言学家: 薄文泽教授 (北京大院东语系), 2009 年 9 月 2 日.  

 

Other comments: Caijia is a newly discovered language, only spoken by about one thousand elder people in few mountainous villages scattering amongst the border between western Guizhou Province and northeastern Yunnan Province. Nowadays, most of the Caijia children are shifted to local Chinese dialect. Caijia is a seriously endangered language. Caijia numerals are very similar to those of the Bai language. Maybe it is an original Bai language strongly influenced by Chinese.
自称为
"蔡家"的人居住在贵州西部和云南东北部交界地区,大部分蔡家人现在都使用汉语,只有毕节地区的赫章、威宁及水城地区还有一些人使用蔡家话."蔡家"人自称men31ni33,分布于赫章县兴发乡新营村李家寨、松林坡乡垭口村蔡家园、可乐乡李家沟、威宁县的新发乡和水城鼠场的蔡家园等地.当地其他族群也称之为"蔡家".蔡家话的使用者普遍兼通汉语,还有一些人兼通彝语或苗语(依所居住地区民族分布环境而定).成年人内部交际使用蔡家话.但据笔者实地观察,小孩子都是以汉语为第一母语,大概10岁以上才逐渐学习、使用蔡家话  


                                           

Back >> [ Home ] [ Sino-Tibetan ]