Hand and Arm (Feature 112)
This feature concerns the identity or differentiation between ‘hand’ and ‘arm’. For the latter, we consider only the forearm, from the elbow downwards. Of the several logical possibilities, this feature covers the following (see APiCS Glossary ("Identity and differentiation") for a visual representation):
Value 1: Identity. ‘Hand’ and ‘arm’ are not differentiated lexically, the same word is used to refer to both body parts and there is no word that denotes only ‘hand’ or only ‘arm’.
Value 2: Differentiation. One word denotes 'hand' and another (possibly related) word denotes 'arm'.
Value 3: Overlap. This covers cases of semantic overlap, where there are two different (possibly related) words, but one of them denotes ‘hand and arm’ and the other only ‘hand’ or only ‘arm’.
Value 4: Identity and differentiation. There are at least three words; one denotes ‘hand’, one denotes ‘arm’, and the third denotes ‘hand and arm’.
|1||Identity|| Chinuk Wawa |
limá ‘hand, arm’
|2||Differentiation|| Haitian Creole|
men ’hand’ and bra ’arm’
|3||Overlap|| Semai (Mon-Khmer; Malay Peninsula)|
tek 'hand' and 'arm', kengrit 'arm'
|4||Identity and differentiation|