Focus Particle ‘Also’ (Feature 106)
Here, we are interested in the position of a particle that corresponds to the English alsoor too. The function of such particles is to focus on a certain constituent. In this feature, the focus should be limited to a noun phrase or prepositional phrase. Focus on verbs involves additional complexity and is disregarded in this feature.
The focus particle indicates that its referent is added to a previously mentioned set of referents. For example: John and Lea came to my party; Mary too came. Here Mary is the focused element.
|1||Before the focused element|| Immediately preceding:|
Pi Sáli yáka cáku [also Sally 3sg come]
'Sally came, too.' ("Also Sally came.")
|2||After the focused element|| Immediately following: |
Nigerian Pidgin Dèm chop gàri tù.‘They ate gari too’;
Principense Èli bê we lala. [he also went there];
Papia Kristang Maria tamíng já beng káza sédu. [Mary too PFV come house early] ‘Mary too came home early.’
|3||Not adjacent to the focused element||Haitian Creole Tout moun pral nan sinema, m prale tou [all people go to movies, I go too] 'Everyone goes to the movies, I go there too.' (tou not adjacent to m)|
|4||Other||(Please give details in the “General comments” field.)|