Experiencer Constructions: ‘Headache’ (Feature 66)
Here we ask about the expressions of situations corresponding to English She has a headache. Pain-constructions involve three participants, an experiencer (she), a sensation (ache), and a body-part (head).
There is a lot of interesting variation in such constructions. However here, we only focus on the question which of these three participants is in subject position.
Subject is defined here as the typical agent or the single argument in a monotransitive clause.
|1||Experiencer in subject position|| Something like “She has a headache”; |
Guinea Bissau Creole
N’ tene dur di kabesa.
[I have pain of head]
‘I have a headache.’
|2||Sensation in subject position|| Something like “Headache comes over her”; Nigerian Pidgin |
Hedpen dè du mì.
[headache ipfv do me]
|3||Body-part in subject position|| Something like “Her head is aching (her)”; Haitian Creole |
Tèt mwen ap fè m mal.
‘My head is hurting me’.
|4||Other||(Please give details in the “General comments” field.)|