Alignment of Case Marking of Pronouns (Feature 59)

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Feature Annotation

Alignment refers to the comparison between the marking of the A (transitive agent/subject) argument and the P (transitive patient/object) argument with the marking of the S (intransitive subject) argument.
In this feature case-marking/adpositional marking of
pronouns is considered. (For full NPs, see Feature 58.) If the language normally uses dependent pronouns (see Feature 17) for subjects and objects, then the independent pronouns should be ignored.
If only some of the pronouns make a nominative-accusative distinction, then this should be treated in the same way as a language in which all pronouns make such a distinction.

Additional remarks

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Values

   Value    Value Annotation
1 Neutral A, P and S are coded in the same way (generally zero = no case/adpositional marking).
2 Nominative–accusative (standard) A is coded like S (often zero), P is coded differently (with accusative case), e.g. English.
3 Nominative–accusative (marked nominative) A is coded like S, but is non-zero, while P is coded with zero.
4 Ergative–absolutive P is coded like S (generally zero), A is coded differently (with ergative case).
5 Tripartite A, P and S are all coded differently.
6 Active–inactive Two types of S: agent-like S is coded like A, and patient-like S is coded like P.
7 Other (Please give details in the “General comments” field.)


WALS No.

99 (Total)

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